Viswanathan Anand vs. Magnus Carlsen at World Chess Championship 2013

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Round 4 – November 13 – Draw

Another amazing fight – do not be fooled by the result. The struggle between Anand and Carlsen is a sight to behold, with complex positions and optimal moves (as suggested by the top chess engines).

Carlsen had the control for most of the game, Anand had some excellent moves. Anand conceded that “I made one illogical move after the next. I missed something with 18.Ne2 and then… I’m just basically lost“.

[pgn_compat]
1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 Nf6 4. O-O Nxe4 5. d4 Nd6 6. Bxc6 dxc6 7.
dxe5 Nf5 8. Qxd8+ Kxd8

{[pgndiagram]Kasparov talked on twitter about the Berlin
Defence that caused him so many problems. “The Berlin is a sharp &
rich middlegame, not an ending. This was Kramnik’s discovery, or
re-discovery, vs me in 2000 that I didn’t grasp. Nor did most others
then. Berlin is more than a wall. After I lost to Kramnik & failed
vs his Berlin in 2000, many said it was still lousy, only good against
me. Now every top player uses it! Berlin also has benefit of rendering
most machine analysis useless. Human chess, deep strategic planning only
way. Great from both players.” Kasparov has written an essay for
Informant 118 on this issue.}

9. h3 (9. Nc3) (9. Rd1+) 9… Bd7 10. Rd1
Be7 { Quite a rare continuation.}

(10… Kc8 {has been played a lot
here.})

11. Nc3

( 11. Bg5 Kc8 12. g4 h6 13. Bd2 (13. Bxe7 Nxe7 14. Kh2
Re8 15. Nbd2 b6 16. Re1 c5 17. Ne4 Bc6 18. h4 Kb7 { 0-1 Sutovsky,E
(2692)-Hammer,J (2606)/Aix-les-Bains FRA 2011 (44 moves)}) 13… Nh4 14.
Nxh4 Bxh4 15. Bc3 h5 16. f3 hxg4 17. hxg4 Bg3 { 1-0 Ganguly,S
(2651)-Hammer,J (2647)/ Wijk aan Zee NED 2011 (67 moves)})

11… Kc8 12. Bg5 h6 13. Bxe7 Nxe7 14. Rd2

(14. a4 a5 15. Rd2 c5 16. Rad1 Bc6 17. e6
fxe6 18. Ne5 Re8 19. Nb5 Bxb5 20. axb5 Nd5 21. c4 Nb6 22. h4 a4 23. h5
a3 24. b3 a2 25. Ra1 Rd8 26. Rdxa2 Rxa2 27. Rxa2 Rd1+ 28. Kh2 Rb1 29.
Ra3 Nd7 30. Ra8+ Nb8 31. Ra3 Nd7 32. Ra8+ Nb8 33. Ra3 Nd7 { 1/2-1/2
Berg,E (2587)-Hammer,J (2630)/Achaea GRE 2012/The Week in Chess 921})

14… c5 15. Rad1 $146

{[pgndiagram]“Something went horribly wrong in the opening –
I made one illogical move after the next”
– Anand. This is the first new
move in the game. One can assume Anand’s comment refers some if not all
of this and the next couple of moves.}

(15. Ne4 b6 16. Ng3 Bc6 17. Nh2
Ng6 18. Re1 Nf4 19. f3 Kb7 20. Kf2 Rad8 21. Rxd8 Rxd8 22. Nhf1 g6 23.
Ne2 Ne6 24. Ne3 Bb5 25. Nc3 Rd2+ 26. Kg3 Bc6 27. Rd1 Rd4 28. Kf2 Kc8 29.
Ne2 Rxd1 30. Nxd1 Nd4 31. c3 Kd7 32. Ne3 Nxe2 33. Kxe2 Ke6 34. f4 g5 35.
g3 Be4 36. Ng4 gxf4 37. gxf4 h5 38. Nf6 Bg6 39. Kf3 c6 40. Ne8 f5 41.
Nd6 h4 42. a4 Bh5+ 43. Ke3 Bd1 44. a5 bxa5 45. c4 Bb3 46. Kd3 Bd1 47.
Ke3 Bb3 48. Kd3 Bd1 49. Nb7 Bf3 50. Nxc5+ Ke7 51. Nb3 Bg2 52. Nd4 Bxh3
53. Nxc6+ Kd7 54. Nd4 Bf1+ 55. Ke3 h3 56. Nf3 Bxc4 57. Kf2 Bd5 58. Kg3
h2 59. Nxh2 Kc6 60. Nf1 Kc5 61. Kf2 Kd4 62. Ng3 Be6 63. Nh5 Kd3 64. Ng7
Bc8 65. e6 Kc2 66. e7 Bd7 67. Nxf5 Kxb2 68. Nd6 a4 69. f5 a3 70. f6 a2
71. f7 { 1-0 Jakovenko,D (2710)-Almasi,Z (2691)/Khanty-Mansiysk 2007/CBM
122})

(15. Ne1)

15… Be6 16. Ne1 $6 Ng6 17. Nd3 b6 18. Ne2

{“I just
missed something after 18. Ne2 and suddenly I was basically lost.”

Anand who expanded on the theme later saying that he played the move
“just to be consistant” and that he thought there might be tactics with
a timely e6 that turned out not to work.}

( 18. f4)

(18. b3)

18… Bxa2
{[pgndiagram]The bishop cannot be rounded up. White has some compensation for the
pawn but almost certainly not enough.}

19. b3 c4 20. Ndc1 cxb3 21. cxb3
Bb1 22. f4 Kb7 23. Nc3 Bf5 24. g4 Bc8 25. Nd3 h5

(25… Ne7 { “I don’t
think there’s anything wrong with 25…h5 but I thought 25…Ne7 was
even stronger.} 26. f5 Nc6 { Anand said he “didn’t see how I could get
anything” in this position.})

26. f5 Ne7 27. Nb5 hxg4 28. hxg4

(28. Rc1
{ was a suggestion of Boris Gelfand’s in commentary.} Nd5 { The only
move that promises any advantage.} (28… Nc6 29. Rdc2 { is what white
is hoping for.}) 29. Nc5+ bxc5 30. Rxd5 Bxf5 31. Rdxc5 Rac8 { is better
for black but I’m not sure by how much. “It just seemed to me some kind
of fantasyland” said Anand about his rejection of this line although he
showed a rather different set of ideas than this line. But he obviously
considered it for some time.})

28… Rh4 $5

(28… Nc6 29. Rc1 Rh4 30.
Nf2 a5 ( 30… g6))

(28… a6 {If Carlsen wants to drive away the white
knight then this proves to be the last chance to do it.})

29. Nf2 {Forced.} Nc6 30. Rc2 ( 30. Rc1) 30… a5 (30… g6 $5) 31. Rc4 g6 32.
Rdc1 Bd7 33. e6 fxe6 34. fxe6 Be8 35. Ne4

{“Curious that – 35.Ne4 was
the only move Kasparov wanted to analyse ten minutes ago in Chennai” Ian
Rogers on twitter.}

(35. R1c3 { is an alternative.})

35… Rxg4+ 36. Kf2
Rf4+

(36… Rd8 $5 {may be the best but maybe Carlsen missed it due to
the rather rare tactical idea involved.} 37. Ned6+ (37. Ke3 {is the best
white has and black is better.}) 37… cxd6 38. Rxg4 Ne5 $3 {when black
is threatening at least three things and is winning.})

37. Ke3 Rf8 $6

(37… g5 $1 {maintains black’s advantage.})

38. Nd4 $1

{[pgndiagram]Carlsen looked very unhappy when this appeared on the board.}

Nxd4 39. Rxc7+

{ Anand
commented that he was lucky that here and on move 59 he had checks to
take him to time control when short of time.}

Ka6 40. Kxd4 Rd8+ 41. Kc3
Rf3+ 42. Kb2 Re3 43. Rc8

{[pgndiagram]There was the expectation that the players
would soon agree to a draw but Carlsen kept the problems going for
another 20 moves.}

Rdd3 $1

(43… Rxc8 44. Rxc8 Bc6 45. Rxc6 Rxe4 46.
Rd6 Kb5 47. e7 Rxe7 48. Rxg6 { and the ending is a simple technical draw
for a player of Anand’s class.})

44. Ra8+

{[pgndiagram]This finesse may or may not
be an improvement over directly capturing the bishop straight away.}

44… Kb7 45. Rxe8 Rxe4 46. e7 Rg3

{ Black needs to hang on to the g-pawn if he is
to have any chance to win.}

47. Rc3 Re2+ 48. Rc2 Ree3 49. Ka2 g5 $5
{Again the most taxing.}

(49… Rxb3 $2 50. Rb8+ {wins for white.})

50. Rd2 Re5 51. Rd7+ Kc6 52. Red8 Rge3 53. Rd6+ Kb7 54. R8d7+ Ka6 55. Rd5
Re2+ 56. Ka3 Re6 $5

{setting up a final rather evil plot.}

57. Rd8

(57.
e8=N Rxe8 58. Rxg5 R8e6 59. Rgg7)

(57. Rxg5 $4 b5 {and mate or ruiness
loss of material follows. Anand said he thought he had checked
everything before this final problem turned up.})

57… g4 58. Rg5 Rxe7
59. Ra8+

{a welcome check to take Anand to the time control.}

Kb7 60.
Rag8 a4 61. Rxg4 axb3 62. R8g7

{In spite of getting more time Anand
played very fast at the end showing he had everything under control.}

Ka6 63. Rxe7 Rxe7 64. Kxb3
{[pgndiagram]}
1/2-1/2
[/pgn_compat]