Viswanathan Anand vs. Magnus Carlsen at World Chess Championship 2013


Round 5 – November 15 – Carslen wins

Carslsen profits from a few inexplicable moves by Anand. Although the game is very balanced for a long time, making the observers think it’s headed for another draw, Carlsen gets the upper hand and scores a brilliant win.
1. c4 e6 2. d4 d5 3. Nc3 c6 4. e4

{[pgndiagram]This seems a strange choice from Carlsen if
he wasn’t comfortable in playing the main line. This means that he saw some
prospects in the coming play.}

(4. e3)

(4. Nf3 {are in fact the most played
moves. I go with e3 personally.})

4… dxe4 5. Nxe4 Bb4+ 6. Nc3 $5

{[pgndiagram]A surprise. I don’t expect to see this again later in the match.}

(6. Bd2 {has been seen
as the true critical test in this variation, I doubt this game will change
this assessment, Anand would however have prepared it extremely deeply.})

6… c5 7. a3 Ba5 8. Nf3

(8. dxc5 {when white’s trebled pawns don’t leave a good
impression even if one is extra and he has the two bishops.} Bxc3+ 9. bxc3
Qxd1+ 10. Kxd1 Nf6 11. f3 Na6 12. Be3 Bd7 13. Nh3 Ba4+ 14. Kc1 Nd7 15. Rb1
Naxc5 {drawn in 79 moves Georgiev,K (2636)-Potkin,V (2647)/Khanty-Mansiysk RUS

8… Nf6 9. Be3

(9. Be2 Nc6 (9… cxd4 10. Nxd4 Ne4 11. Ndb5 Qxd1+ 12.
Bxd1 Nxc3 13. Nxc3 Bxc3+ 14. bxc3 Bd7 15. a4 Bc6 16. O-O Nd7 17. a5 a6 18. Ba3
{1/2-1/2 Babula,V (2581)-Khenkin,I (2624)/Tegernsee GER 2003/The Week in Chess
427}) 10. dxc5 Qxd1+ 11. Bxd1 Ne4 12. Bd2 Bxc3 13. Bxc3 Nxc3 14. bxc3 {and
against draw this time in 43 moves Gurevich,M (2643)-Khenkin,I (2633)/Polanica
Zdroj POL 1999.})

9… Nc6

(9… Ne4 10. Qc2 Nxc3 11. bxc3 cxd4 12. Bxd4 O-O
13. Bd3 h6 $6 {and white went on to win in 36 moves Yermolinsky,A (2530)
-Shulman,Y (2623)/Philadelphia USA 2008.})

10. Qd3 $146

{[pgndiagram]“There were lot of
options for all the sides. A lot of unconventional positions. It is natural
that you need to take your time.”
Carlsen commenting on the slow pace of the
opening play.}

(10. d5 $5 exd5 11. Bxc5 Ne4 12. Qe2 Be6 13. O-O-O Nxc5 14. cxd5
Qf6 15. dxe6 Nxe6 16. Nd5 Qh6+ 17. Kb1 O-O 18. Qb5 Rab8 19. Ne7+ Nxe7 20. Qxa5
Nc6 21. Qf5 g6 22. Qf6 Qg7 23. Qxg7+ Kxg7 24. Bc4 Kf6 25. Bxe6 fxe6 26. Rd7 h6
27. Rhd1 Rbd8 28. Kc2 Rxd7 29. Rxd7 Rf7 30. Rxf7+ Kxf7 31. Kd3 {1/2-1/2 Kubala,
M (2310)-Splosnov,S (2335)/Frydek Mistek 1998/CBM 062 ext})

10… cxd4 11. Nxd4
Ng4 12. O-O-O Nxe3 13. fxe3 Bc7 $6

{[pgndiagram]“Probably Anand had chance to draw in
endgame…But what was the point of 13…Bc7?! and to play endgame?”
Harikrishna. “Not to say Anand’s 13..Bc7 was objectively bad, probably it is
fine & had many chances to hold draw. But fits Carlsen’s style perfectly.”

“After 13..Nxd4 14.exd4 the queens are still on the board & black has the
bishop pair to compensate for white’s central pawns. A middlegame!”
– Garry

(13… O-O)

(13… Nxd4 {“Again Carlsen got next to nothing in the
opening. Amazed Anand went into endgame. Could take on d4, keep queens on,
very different game.”
Garry Kasparov} 14. exd4 O-O)

14. Nxc6 bxc6 15. Qxd8+
Bxd8 16. Be2 Ke7

{[pgndiagram]”Anand plays again passively for a draw, dismissing any
chances to get double edged game. May still hold though, why not?” Later “I
meant that 13…Bc7 and 16…Ke7 were not necessary. For example 16…Bb6!? is
way sharper if you ask me! Still shocked though that Anand didn’t manage to
save this one.” were Anish Giri’s comments on twitter.}

(16… Bb6 {a quick
sample Houdini variation:} 17. Bf3 Bxe3+ 18. Kb1 Bd7 19. Rhe1 Bb6 20. Ne4 Ke7
21. c5 Bc7 22. Nd6 Rhd8 23. Nb7 Rdb8 24. Nd6 Rd8 {is a drawing line.})

17. Bf3
Bd7 18. Ne4 Bb6

{It’s not quite clear to me why Anand plays this way.}

(18… f5 19. Nc5 Be8 20. Na6)

(18… Bc7 19. c5 Rhb8 20. Nd6 Rb3 21. Rd2 Rab8 22. e4
Ba5 23. Rc2)

19. c5 f5 20. cxb6 fxe4 21. b7 Rab8 22. Bxe4 Rxb7

{[pgndiagram]Now an end
game where Carlsen has static weaknesses to play at. Q: At which moment did
you have the advantage? A: (Magnus Carlsen) “I mean it is not huge. I have
(pointing mouse after move 22) I have better bishop and better pawn structure.
If I can consolidate than I can win. I did not manage to play with the right

23. Rhf1 Rb5 $5 24. Rf4 g5 25. Rf3 h5 $5

{Actually rather a commital
idea. Anand had choices.}

(25… Re5)

(25… Be8)

26. Rdf1 Be8 27. Bc2 Rc5 28.
Rf6 h4 29. e4 a5 30. Kd2 Rb5 31. b3 Bh5 (31… g4) 32. Kc3 Rc5+ 33. Kb2 Rd8 34.
R1f2 Rd4

{[pgndiagram]Anand labeled this as the decisive error but to be honest I don’t
think he was mentally there in the press conference. “Somehow my plan did not
materialise. I had to go 34…Rg8. There are many small inaccuracies. But Rd4
was the decisive mistake.” – Anand. “After …Rd4 I thought… I was worried
that I might be even worse. (after browsing the game on Chess Base says…)
Probably I am not” – Carlsen}

(34… Rg8 35. Rh6 Bg6)

35. Rh6 Bd1 36. Bb1 Rb5
37. Kc3 c5 38. Rb2 e5 39. Rg6 a4 $5

{[pgndiagram]This isn’t losing and indeed sets up a
clear drawing idea so it really can’t be that bad.}

(39… g4 {“As I see
others suggesting, playing 39..g4 instead of sacrificing the pawn also looks
superior. Though was likely still drawn as I said.” Kasparov.})

40. Rxg5 Rxb3+
41. Rxb3 Bxb3

{After the time control there was an important moment. I really
wanted to go Bd3.}

42. Rxe5+

(42. Bd3 c4 43. Rxe5+ Kd6 44. Kxd4 cxd3 $3 45. Rf5
d2 46. Rf6+ Ke7 47. Rf1 d1=Q+ 48. Rxd1 Bxd1 {winning a piece.})

42… Kd6 43.
Rh5 Rd1 44. e5+ Kd5 45. Bh7 Rc1+ $2

{[pgndiagram]”Truly baffled by each of Anand’s moves
from 39 onwards. But especially 45…Rc1??” – Nakamura.}

(45… Ra1 $1 {“Sure
its easier for us who are sitting at home without the pressure, but 45… Ra1
seemed very natural and intuitive.” – Nakamura. Q: (FIDE Press Officer) When
you played 45…Rc1 did you also consider also 45…Ra1? A: (Viswanathan Anand)
“It is possible. Somehow I missed in the rook ending. It is so difficult. I
thought I should be able to generate counterplay in the end.”} 46. Bg8+ Kc6 47.
Bxb3 Rxa3 48. Kc4 axb3 49. Rh6+ Kd7 50. Kc3 Ra2 51. Kxb3 Rxg2 52. h3 Rg3+ 53.
Kc4 Rxh3 54. Kxc5)

46. Kb2 Rg1

{[pgndiagram]Without deeper analysis hard to say what “last
mistake” was. Even 46..Re1 looks like it gives better drawing chances. Keep
king active.}

(46… Re1)

47. Bg8+ Kc6 48. Rh6+ Kd7

{[pgndiagram]Black is just lost here.}

(48… Kc7)

49. Bxb3 axb3 50. Kxb3 Rxg2 51. Rxh4 Ke6 52. a4

{“I was amazed at
how quickly Magnus played 52.a4. He just *knows* these positions. It’s very
complex, a lesson in how to cut off king.” – Kasparov.}

Kxe5 53. a5 Kd6 54. Rh7
Kd5 55. a6 c4+ 56. Kc3 Ra2 57. a7 Kc5 58. h4

{[pgndiagram]Q: How does it feel to break the
deadlock? A: (Magnus Carlsen) “It feels good. It was good fighting game. It
got messy at times. I got there in the end. I am very, very happy about that.”}